Painted tree rat (Callistomys pictus)
The painted tree rat is a species of spiny rat endemic to Eastern Brazil. It is the only species in its genus Callistomys and is a species of spiny rat.
The painted tree rat grows to 30cm long and is one of the larger species of spiny rat. It has white fur with a glossy black cap back and band to outs forelimbs. It’s fur is long, dense and corse but not spiny as in other species of its family.
The population if the painted tree rat is severely fragmented due to a continued decline of habitat. Little is known of its natural diet and ecology but today it has been found in caoca plantations consuming the leaves of these plants.
Painted tree rats are classified as endangered on the IUCN red list.
Source IUCN http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/6985/0
Photo credit Marcos Sousa